As the COVID-19 pandemic increased exponentially across the globe threatening lives and uprooting the economy of cities and nations, it also had a major impact on the environment.
positive Impacts of Coronavirus:
The world has transformed its way of living. As Work from Home becomes the new norm, 23% of carbon emissions have dropped globally just because of a decrease in transportation. But that’s not all! Here are a few 5 positive Impacts of Coronavirus on the Environment
1. DWINDLING AIR POLLUTION :
- According to WHO, 4.6 million people die each year directly due to air pollution. However, after the two-week lockdown in China, NASA scientists monitoring pollution satellites observed a decrease in air pollution.
- A drop of 25% in carbon dioxide emissions along with 40% in nitrogen oxide emissions was observed. Similar changes have been observed in Italy during the self-isolation period.
- Energy-related CO2 emissions in India is on track with a value of 1.8 as per SDG report 2021
- In India, apart from CO2 emissions, particulate matter concentration PM2.5 has been increasing thus not keeping in check with SDG goals as per the report published in the year 2021.
CAUSES OF REDUCED AIR POLLUTION LEVELS –
Air quality improved largely because of a reduction in road traffic, air traffic, and factory emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), Nitrogen oxide (NOx), ozone, and particulate matter formation that’s the positive Impacts of Coronavirus
EEA’s data for recent weeks show NO2 concentrations have decreased in many Italian cities during the lockdown. In the city of Rome, the average NO2 concentrations for the past four weeks of June were about 26-35% lower than the same weeks in 2019.
THERE IS MORE FRESHWATER AVAILABLE :
- As the majority of industries have reduced activities, the water consumption of the industrial sector has decreased to about 20-30%.
- The hotels and health clubs are not functioning to full capacity either, hence a decrease in water consumption has been observed. It has also been noted that people tend to be more efficient with water at home than hotels and resorts.
- Besides a decrease in water consumption, there has been an exemplified clearness in water quality in the canals of Venice, Italy resulting in dolphin sightings for the first time in 60 years due to reduced pollution.
2. THE WILDLIFE IS FLOURISHING:
- The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicted a 1.5 deg. C average rise in atmospheric temperatures may place 20-30% of species in jeopardy of extinction.
- With increasing temperatures coral reefs are likely to decline by a further 70 – 90% and by the year 2030, only 10% of rainforests will be remaining.
- But the global pandemic has helped resolve this devastation to a limit where there have been sightings of wild birds flocking to beaches in Peru and wild deer camping across housing estates in London.
- Along the eastern coast of Odisha, India around 475,000 endangered Olive Ridley sea turtles have laid 60 million eggs. Lagoons in Albania have witnessed an increase in flamingos by a third due to a decrease in boating activities
- In India, species survival as per the red list index is decreasing and hence becoming an environmental concern as per SDG report,2020
3. DECREASING DEMAND FOR OIL :
- Due to the decrease in fuel demands for factories and travel, there has been a sharp decline by 435,000 barrels a day in the first quarter of 2021, due to the pandemic.
- As the combustion of fossil fuels is one of the leading causes of pollution, this decrease is a positive sign for the environment.
- Oil pollution also harms animals and insects, disrupts the food chain, and prevents photosynthesis in plants.
- Apart from its effect on wildlife, oil contamination can make water unsuitable for irrigation and damage irrigation plants.
4 .THE VEGETATION IS GROWING BETTER:
- Due to less human interference, plants are exposed to better air quality and clean water this is a positive Impacts of Coronavirus.
- The amount of oxygen and other nutrients required for their growth are not polluted and hence allow plants to grow and harvest healthy produce which is essential for improving the food cycle of the planet.
5. IMPACT OF DECLINED GLOBAL FISHING ON MARINE LIFE:
- Since March 11, when the World Health Organization declared Covid-19 a pandemic, global fishing activity has been down by nearly 10% compared to the 2018-2019 average, according to a new estimate, and in some places, the decline has been much greater.
- Due to restrictions in movement, supply chains are fragmented, fishing imports are declined thus dwindling sales and affecting fishing communities.
- However, the positive impact on marine life due to the decline in fishing will be dependent on several factors such as species’ life-history traits and whether these species are bred during these months.
- The Covid-19 outbreak has other unintended consequences such as consumers purchasing more non-perishable goods to stock up pantries increasing demand for canned tuna and herring. These activities will increase the risk of overfishing in poorly managed fisheries
This are some positive Impacts of Coronavirus.
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